Start by identifying
If you’ve lost your job recently or are dealing with other work-related issues, you may have thought about seeking career counseling.
If so, you have no less than two major challenges: 1) Identifying how you expect to benefit from career counseling, and 2) Finding a qualified career counselor.
Karasek's (1979) high-demand, low control model is among the best-supported stress theories.
We all know what it is, right?
Actually, we don’t. Is it anxiety? Is it frustration? Is it a set of physical symptoms? Or is it some combination of those things... and more? We really don’t know what most people mean when they say they are feeling “stressed,” and there’s no reason to believe that we are all using the term in the same way.
neither – or both?
Your personality is unique, but where does it come from? Were you born with it? Or was it etched onto a blank slate by your experiences and your environment?
This is the old nature-versus-nurture debate, also known as “heredity-versus-environment,” and it’s not the kind of question that can be answered with certainty. However, heredity is appearing to have a much greater influence on personality and behavior than once thought.
of small-group ties
and the importance
of group allegiances
In-group collectivism refers to the expression of pride, loyalty and cohesiveness in one's family or organization. It's concerned with the strength of small-group (family, close friend) ties.
In-group collectivism (IngC), also known as “family collectivism,” is one of two collectivism (COLL) dimensions measured by Project GLOBE among the 61 societies for which data are available. In-group COLL refers to the strength of ties to small groups, such as friends and family. In fact, it's sometimes called "family" collectivism, as well as "individual" collectivism or "COLL II."
Organizational psychology is an applied science that studies the world of work.
Believe it or not, “work” actually has its own science. It’s called “organizational psychology,” (OP) with “organization” usually referring to “the workplace” but also to other entities that could be considered organizations – for example, clubs, churches or even a local scrapbooking group.
to cause stress,
Why bullies bully is one of the issues addressed by Judy Blando, DM, CPC, in her doctoral dissertation. She noted that the American Psychological Association defines “bullying" as “aggressive behavior that is intended to cause harm or distress, occurs repeatedly over time, and occurs in a relationship where there is an imbalance of power or strength.”
Jan is the author of The Cultural Psyche of India: Guidance for the U.S. Marketer. She is a member of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology and an associate member of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology. She holds a master's in organizational psychology from the University of London and has written as a consultant for the life sciences industry since 1993.